IVenous thromboembolism o (VTE) yigama elichaza izifo ezimbili: the i-vein thrombosis ejulile (TVP) kanye i-pulmonary embolism (EP).

I-vein thrombosis ejulile yisifo esidalwa ukwakheka kwamagabha ngaphakathi kwemithambo ejulile, imvamisa emaphethelweni aphansi. i-pulmonary embolism yi-blockage emithanjeni yamaphaphu ebangelwa ukwakheka kwama-clots (thrombi).

Okulandelayo, sizokunikeza imininingwane efanele ngalesi sifo. Sizokhuluma ngabo izicikanye izimpawu ezivame kakhulu futhi kunokwenzeka zokwelapha.

Sincoma ukuthi uqhubeke nokufunda:

Okuqukethwe Index

Izici ze-venous thromboembolism

I-Thromboembolism

I-Thromboembolism iboniswa ngu Ukwakheka kweziqhekeza zegazi ngaphakathi kwemithambo, okuvimba ingxenye noma yegazi ngokuphelele.

I-clo, eyaziwa nangokuthi thrombus, kwakheka lapho kunokungalingani ohlelweni lokuhlangana.

Izingqinamba ngemuva kokuhlinzwa, ukuqagelwa kofuzo, obesidadukubhema sokukhulelwa noma isikhathi eside sokungakwazi ukuhamba kahle kungaholela ekwakhiweni kwezinqe zegazi nokwakheka kwe- "thrombi".

El Umkhakha wabesifazane utholakala kakhulu ngalesi sifo ngenxa yokwanda kwemvamisa yezinkinga zofuzo eziholela ku-thrombosis. Ama-hormone abantu besifazane bavame ukudala ukuphazamiseka kwegazi ukugqwala kubantu asebevele benomlando womndeni we-thrombosis.

Lapho sitholwa kusenesikhathi, amathuba okuthola ikhambi nokuhlalisana ngokuthula nalesi sifo makhulu.

Ukwelashwa ngemithi ye-anticoagulant, esebenza "ngokunciphisa" igazi nokunciphisa ukwakheka kwama-clots, kuyindlela ejwayelekile esetshenziswa odokotela ukulawula nokuvimbela izinkinga ezifana ne-pulmonary embolism.

Imithambo ye-thrombus

Ekuqaleni, ukuxilongwa kwe-thromboembolism kungabonakala kukhathaza, kepha nge a ukwelashwa okufanele nokulawulwa okungapheli kwezokwelapha, kungenzeka ukuthi uphile kahle nalesi sifo.

Prakthiza umzimba ukukhanya kubaluleke kakhulu ukuvikela lesi sifo ukuthi singathuthuki. Ukuhamba okungenani imizuzu engama-30 nsuku zonke kusebenze ukugeleza kwegazi futhi kwandise ukuhamba, kuvimbela ukwakheka kwe-thrombi entsha futhi kusize umzimba uwonke.

Izitokisi zokucindezelwa okuphezulu zingabalingani abathembekile balabo asebevele benaso lesi sifo futhi namandla okusebenzisa kumele anqunywe futhi alawulwe ngudokotela ngokuya ngesimo somtholampilo wesiguli.

Izimpawu ze-venous thromboembolism

I-venous thromboembolism ingaletha okulandelayo izimpawu nezimpawu:

  • Edema
  • Izinhlungu
  • Ukushisa
  • Ububomvu
  • I-Eczema
  • Umbala wesikhumba omnyama.
  • Ukuphathwa kwezicubu ezingaphansi.

Izindlela zokwelapha ezijwayelekile

Ukwelashwa kwe-venous thromboembolism kuqukethe yehlisa izimpawu eziyingozi zesifo, vimbela ukwanda kwezifo nokuncipha kokuwohloka kwesifo se-post-thrombotic syndrome. Ukusetshenziswa kwemithi yokungena noma yomlomo kuyakhonjiswa.

I-laber yaseBayer, yokuhlaziya ubungozi bokwenza i-VTE, yaxhasa izifundo zokuhlaziya ukusetshenziswa kwezindlela zokuvimbela inzalo ezihlanganiswe ne-drospirenone.

Njengokuvimbela inzalo kwe-levonorgestrel, lIzindlela zokuvimbela inzalo ezihlanganiswe ne-drospirenone zinesimo esiphansi se-VTE ngezindlela zokuvimbela inzalo ezenzelwe i-drospirenone., okuwumcimbi onqabile futhi ongaphansi kokungabonakala kokukhulelwa kanye ne-puerperium.

Ukwelashwa kwe-Thrombus