Wake wazibuza ukuthi yini i- infinito? Namuhla uzoba nethuba lokuqonda konke okuhlobene nalesi sihloko esithakazelisayo esibe nabantu abaningi emakhanda abo, ungaphuthelwa.

infinito

Inkomba yokuqukethwe

Infinito

Kuyigama elikhombisa ukuthi akunakuphela, akunamkhawulo, kukhona ingunaphakade futhi kunezinto eziningi ezikhona ezindaweni zomhlaba kuze kufike emikhawulweni kaNkulunkulu. Kwabaningi i- infinito kungumqondo nje wokufuna ukuchaza ezinye zezinto ezinde ngokwedlulele. Futhi ukuchaza into engapheli; Leli gama lisetshenziselwe ukuchaza yonke into ehlobene nobuphakade, ukubekezela, okungapheli, noma okungaphezulu kokude kakhulu.

Ezindaweni ezahlukahlukene zesayensi kuchazwa njengokuqondiswa kwezinto noma ubuningi obungenamkhawulo noma ukuphela. Kuphambene ngokuphelele nemikhawulo futhi kwizibalo kuphambene nesikhathi esinqunyelwe, esilinganiselwe; icacisiwe nge- Uphawu lwe-infinity lapho kunomugqa oyindilinga ngaphandle kwamaphoyinti ahlukanayo (∞).

Uphawu

Mayelana nophawu singasho ukuthi luhlotshaniswa neqiniso lokuthi lungachazwa uma lunesiqalo noma isiphetho, alunqunywa ukuthi luqala kuphi nokuthi luqala kanjani, nokuthi luqala kuphi; iqiniso ukuthi namuhla ichazwa emikhakheni eminingi futhi ikhonjwa njengamanga ayisishiyagalombili.

Ezindaweni ezahlukahlukene

Enye yezesayensi esebenzise leli gama kakhulu yi-mathematics, yona kanye nesayensi yamakhompyutha, i-astronomy, i-physics kanye nemikhakha eyahlukahlukene, abayinike igama elifanayo. Emkhakheni wezenkolo uqhathaniswa noNkulunkulu nabonkulunkulu banaphakade, abangenasikhala noma isikhathi; kepha ake sibone ukuthi ezinye izindawo zizichaza kanjani.

Math

Isetshenziselwa ukuchaza eminye imisebenzi engenamikhawulo, inkolelo-mbono esethiwe iyichaza ngamanani asuka kokungapheli okuncane kuya kokungapheli okuningi. Ibuye isetshenziselwe izinombolo ze-ordinal, ezigcina ukuhleleka kuma-cones; Ngokunjalo, inani lokungapheli lichazwe ezinombolweni zokuqala eziyizinombolo nezinombolo ezingapheli.

Emlandweni

Uphawu olungapheli lwamukelwa okokuqala lapho isazi sezibalo esiyiNgisi uJohn Wallis silifaka komunye wemisebenzi yakhe yesayensi. Lolu phawu lungabonwa njengombhalo wezibalo encwadini ethi Arithmetic Infinitorum ngo-1656; ngokuhamba kwesikhathi yaboniswa ngendlela ecacile futhi njengoba sazi namuhla njenge-lemniscate (Umdwebo onombhalo ovundlile ongu-8) kuhlelo lwango-1894, emisebenzini yezibalo yososayensi waseSwitzerland uJacob Bernoulli. (1655-1705).

Kodwa-ke, kungenzeka ukuthi kube nenkolelo, lapho uphawu luqhamuka kwizimpawu ezisetshenziswe kwinqubo ye-alchemy, kanye nakwezinye izinkomba zenkolo zekhulu le-17. okuthiwa uroboros.

Eminye imibono izamile ukuxhumanisa uphawu olungapheli nezimo ezingaphezulu nezingaphezu kwemvelo. Injalo-ke imeko yesimo sezulu ebizwa nge-Analema lapho isibalo sokungapheli sivela esibhakabhakeni ngaphandle kwencazelo; abantu bathi lokhu kubangelwa izimo ezahlukahlukene ezingezona zemvelo nezingaphezu kwemvelo.

Umbono wakamuva uphathelene nezinganekwane zesayensi nefilimu, exhumanisa abadali bamaqhawe we-Avenger futhi ikhombisa enamandla i-gauntlet engapheli, eholwa ngumuntu onamandla futhi omubi ogama lakhe linguTanos, ofuna ukuthatha umhlaba wonke: iqiniso ukuthi abantu abaningi bacabanga ukuthi lokhu kuhlelwe ngikhona ngempela, okudala inganekwane enkulu namanga kokuqinisekisiwe.

IT

Kule nkambu yezobuchwepheshe, inombolo noma uphawu olungapheli luhlobene nezinye izilimi zohlelo. Lokhu kuvumela ukunikeza inani elikhethekile futhi bakubize ngokungapheli; inani elinjalo litholakala kumphumela, ngemuva kokwenza imisebenzi ethile engeyona eyisisekelo noma engafinyeleleki yezibalo (amagama aqondwa kuphela ngabahleli bohlelo).

Kodwa-ke, uma ubuza eyodwa yazo, bayachaza: Yimisebenzi eyinkimbinkimbi ngokweqile, engenzeka ukuxazululwa kepha lokho kufanele kwenziwe kuphela ngochwepheshe bezinhlelo; ukuze zenziwe kuphela kumakhompiyutha, ziphikisana nokuthi uma zenziwa ngezilimi ezilula, imiphumela yafaka iphutha.

I-Metaphysics

Le ndawo yokuxhumana ngokwengqondo ngokomoya iyichaza ngokuthi "Okungenamkhawulo", okungukuthi, kuyinika impahla nobuchule. Ayivumi imikhawulo, ayinambandela nakancane futhi ayinqunyelwe, ngakho-ke uma imiswe umkhawulo ibingavumi noma yimuphi umkhawulo.

IMetaphysics iveza ukuthi ukubeka imingcele kokungapheli ukuphika iqiniso lendawo yonke; ukuphika ukuvalelwa ngokuphelele. Ngale ndlela ukunganakwa komkhawulo kuyikho kanye ukunganakwa; ngamanye amagama, ukunganakwa kwayo yonke imikhawulo kulingana nenqiniso lokuqinisekiswa okuphelele nokuphelele; Babheka nokuthi yini engenamkhawulo engaphikwa ngakho-ke okuqukethe konke ngaphandle kwayo, ngakho-ke ayikho.

Lo mqondo wokungenasiphelo okuvezwe yi-metaphysics uqukethe umbandela oningiliziwe kakhulu walabo abamele lo mqondo; kubo akuyona uphawu kuphela kodwa into ekhona futhi futhi, abakuphiki ukuba khona kwayo njengoba bengenamkhawulo.

Filosofía

Ngokuka-Aristotle umqondo ophelile uphika ubukhona obuphelele bomphela. Ngale ndlela lapho ukhuluma nge imikhawulo engapheli emicabangweni yama-Aristotelian, kubhekiswa emzimbeni ongapheli ophikisana nobukhona bomkhawulo; Kodwa-ke, eminye imisinga yefilosofi iphakamisa ukuthi i-Infinite emandleni iyinombolo engahlala ingezwa enye inombolo ngaphandle kokufinyelela kumkhawulo owedlulele.

Izazi zefilosofi zikholelwa ukuthi ukungapheli kuyindalo yomuntu, futhi ikakhulukazi lapho izinombolo ziqala ukuvela, i-exponentialite iqinisa inani lenombolo engapheli, futhi lapho isizathu sifunwa kakhulu nokuthi izinombolo zingatholakala kuphi, kuzoqhubeka nokukhula nokwanda. ; okungekho nhlobo yenhloso noma isisombululo.

Uma uyithandile le ndatshana, sikumema ukuba ufunde elandelayo, lapho kukhonjiswa khona izinto ezithakazelisa kakhulu  Izinombolo zemvelo: ziyini? izici, nokuningi