Iingcinga zichazwa njengoluhlu lwemisebenzi yobungqondi, eqala ngenkqubo yokuqiqa. Ngengqiqo ebanzi kunokuthiwa ngumsebenzi kunye nokudalwa kwe engqondweniKwinqaku elilandelayo siya kukwazi yonke into enxulumene nesi sihloko.

Iingcamango-1

Ziyintoni Iingcinga?

Iingcinga zithathwa njengomsebenzi kunye nokudalwa kwengqondo; ezi zikholisa ukwenzeka ngokwemvelo ngeenkqubo ezibandakanya ukuqiqa, iingcinga ngokubanzi zidalwe yingqondo yomntu, ngendlela ethanda ngokuzithandela nangona zifuna ucwangco, okanye zisenokuzibonakalisa kwezinye iimeko ngendlela enganyanzelekanga uvuselelo lwangaphandle.

Iingcali zicinga ukuba yonke indalo eyenziwe ngumntu emva kwexesha iqale yaphakanyiswa luthotho lweengcinga. Ngaloo ngqiqo sinokubonisa ukuba naluphi na uhlobo lomsebenzi wezobugcisa okanye zesayensi luyimveliso yengcinga yokuqala, eqala ukuphuhlisa engqondweni de igqitywe ngabanye, kwaye ngale ndlela iiprojekthi ezinkulu zifezwa.

Ukubaluleka

Iingcinga ziyinxalenye yomntu ukususela kumzuzu wobukho bazo, luluhlu lwemisebenzi eyilwe yingqondo, evumela umntu ngamnye ukuba aveze indlela yakhe yokubona. el mundo, kunye nokufikelela imingeni emitsha ngeeprojekthi ezivela ngeengcamango. (Fumana yonke into enxulumene ne Memoria).

Kunokuthiwa ukuba iingcamango zibaluleke kakhulu ekuphuhliseni ngokomzimba nangokwengqondo komntu ngamnye, ngenxa yesi sizathu, ngokuhamba kwexesha, iindlela ezahlukeneyo kunye nokuzivocavoca ziye zayilwa ezivumela abantu ukuba bacinge ngokuchanekileyo.

Ngaloo ndlela, iingcali ezininzi kulo mbandela zenze iincwadi kunye nezinye izixhobo zokufundisa abantu ukuba bafanele banikele ingqalelo kwiingcamango zabo, kuba kubonakaliswe ukuba banokuvelisa imiphumo emihle okanye emibi yokuziphatha.

Ngenxa yesi sizathu sinokukhankanya umbhali obalaseleyo kunye nesithethi kwintsimi yeengcamango neemvakalelo, uJoicer Meyer, kunye nencwadi yakhe iguqula ubomi bakho, kulo msebenzi umbhali ufundisa imigaqo esisiseko yendlela ingqondo esebenza ngayo kwaye yintoni ukubaluleka kweengcamango. , ebonisa ukuba amava angaphandle angumphumo wendlela umntu ngamnye acinga ngayo engqondweni yakhe.

Iingcamango-3

Ngale ngqiqo, kwakunye nesi sithethi sibalaseleyo, kukho iingcaphephe ezininzi eziye zaxoxa ngelithi, kuyimfuneko ukuba umntu ngamnye azazi iingcinga zakhe kwanokubaluleka okumfaneleyo, ekubeni ngazo kunokwenziwa inkqubela enkulu kuze ngaloo ndlela kuzuzeke. umgangatho wobomi obungcono.

Iintsingiselo

Iingcamango zithathwa njengenxalenye ebalulekileyo yomntu, eli gama livela kwiLatini, "Pensare", ebhekisela ngokuthe ngqo kwingcamango yegama, yi-faculty okanye amandla okucinga afumaneka kumntu ngamnye, ngeenjongo ezibaluleke kakhulu. ziphunyezwa kwinqanaba lomntu ngamnye.

Kubalulekile ukubonisa ukuba kukho nezinye iintsingiselo ezinxulumene negama leengcamango, ezichongiweyo njengesenzo kunye nesiphumo sokucinga, ngokubanzi ngumsebenzi owenziwe yingqondo, esekelwe kwiinkqubo ezibandakanya ukuqiqa. .

Iindidi

Iingcinga luluhlu lwemisebenzi yengqondo, evumela umntu ukuba aveze iimvakalelo zakhe, iingcamango kunye neemvakalelo; ngale ngqiqo sinokuzichonga iindidi ngeendidi zeengcinga ezikhoyo.

Ezintle

Iingcinga ezilungileyo zezo ngcinga zisekelwe kwinkalo enethemba, apho umntu ugxininisa ekuthatheni ingqalelo iimeko ezintle kwimeko nganye ejikeleze ubomi bakhe, ndingathi, nangona amaxesha anzima ahlala ebonakala, ngendlela efanayo egcina i- ukuzimisela ukubona okona kulungileyo.

Ngale ngqiqo sinokubonisa ukuba ukucinga okulungileyo yeyona nto inoxanduva lokuphelisa ngokupheleleyo imiba engalunganga, oko kukuthi, iyeke ukugxila kwiimeko ezimbi kwaye igxininise kwizinto ezimbi. intlalontle kunye neyona nto ingcono kwinqanaba ngalinye.

Ezinye iingcali zicinga ukuba ukucinga okulungileyo kuhambelana nesimo sengqondo esilungileyo, esigcwele ithemba kunye nesibindi, kulo mzekelo, malunga nokuba umntu uba ngcono kwaye onwabile, ngale ndlela baya kukwazi ukubona umzuzu ngamnye ngendlela engcono kakhulu. .

Kwicandelo lezengqondo, ukuzimisela okuthe ngqo kusekwa ukuchaza ukucinga okulungileyo, kule meko kuqwalaselwa ukuba olu hlobo lokucinga sisixhobo esisebenzayo, esinceda umntu ukuba alwe nokuphazamiseka okuhlukahlukeneyo okuchaphazela impilo yabo yomzimba kunye neemvakalelo, njengoko yimeko yoxinzelelo kunye nokuphazamiseka okunokuthi kwenzeke imihla ngemihla ngenxa yeemeko ezahlukeneyo. (Fumana yonke into enxulumene ne Uvelwano).

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Ngenxa yesi sizathu kubalulekile ukuba neengcamango ezintle, nangona oku akuthethi ukuba iimvakalelo ezingathandekiyo kunye neemvakalelo kufuneka zinqatshelwe, kulo mzekelo malunga nokufunda ukulawula ngokufanelekileyo inkalo nganye yobomi, ngaphandle kokuyityeshela imiba engalunganga.

Ukucinga okulungileyo kuchazwa njengomhlobo obalaseleyo wokufezekisa umgangatho wobomi obungcono, ekubeni kusivumela ukuba sijongane neemeko zobomi bemihla ngemihla kwinqanaba elithembayo, oku kuqinisekisa ukuba umntu ngamnye ufikelela kumandla akhe aphezulu.

Uthando

Iingcinga zothando zezo ziphuhlayo engqondweni yomntu ekuphenduleni uthotho lweemvakalelo neemvakalelo, ngolu hlobo lwengcinga umntu uyakwazi ukuyiveza into ayivayo ngaphakathi, ngokuhamba kwexesha amadoda nabafazi abaninzi baba nalo. bakwazile ukuvakalisa iimvakalelo zabo ezinzulu besebenzisa amabinzana neengcinga zothando.

Iingcamango-2

Eye yamvumela ukuba abambe undoqo wobukho bakhe kumagama akhe, ngale ndlela sinokuchonga la mabinzana alandelayo asekelwe kwiingcamango zothando.

"Ndingathanda ukuba UTHANDO lwethu lube njengolwandle, ukubona isiqalo kungekhona isiphelo." Ongaziwayo.

Ubomi

Iingcamango zobomi zezo zivela ngenxa yamava aphunyeziweyo kulo lonke ubukho, ngokuqhelekileyo zihambelana nekamva kunye nentlalontle umntu ngamnye anqwenela ukuyifumana. (Yazi yonke into malunga YeNtlalontle).

Del alma

Iingcinga zomphefumlo zezo ziphuma ngaphakathi komntu ngamnye, zivumela ezona mvakalelo zinzulu neemvakalelo zibonakale. Ngolu hlobo lweengcinga, abantu banokubonakalisa ubuni babo.

Yokuziphendulela

Kucingelwa ukuba ingcinga ecamngcayo yenye yezona ntlobo zidumileyo zeengcinga ezikhoyo, lungcelele lweengcinga ezijolise ekucamngceni imeko nganye efunyanwa ngumntu, ngenjongo yokufumana imfundiso kwaye ngale ndlela ukwazi ukuziphatha. wena ebomini.

Ngaloo ndlela, sinokukhankanya ukuba yonke imihla kukho abantu abaninzi abasebenzisa iingcamango zokucamngca ukuze benze izigqibo ngokufanelekileyo, kwaye ngaloo ndlela baphephe izinto eziphazamisayo. Ngenxa yesi sizathu kubalulekile ukucamngca nokucamngca mihla le ngezona nkalo zibalulekileyo zobomi bomntu.

Iingcamango-4

MaKristu

Iingcinga zobuKristu zezo ngcinga zigxile kwinkolo, zinceda abantu ngokubanzi ukuba bacamngce ngezinto ezibalulekileyo zobomi babo, kunye nokubakhuthaza ukuba babe ngcono kumgangatho wokomoya nowobuqu.

Kwimeko yamaKristu evangeli, atyekele ekuthabatheni ukubaluleka okukhulu kwiingcamango zobuKristu, ekubeni ilizwi likaThixo lifundisa indlela umntu afanele aziphathe ngayo ebomini. Ngale ndlela singakhankanya ukuba ibhayibhile iqulethe uthotho lweengcinga zobuKristu, isisiseko sencwadi ebizwa ngokuba yimizekeliso equlathe uthotho lweemfundiso ezisekelwe kwilizwi likaThixo.

Singakhankanya le ndinyana yeBhayibhile ilandelayo, ebhekisa kukubaluleka kweengcinga zomntu.

Kuba njengoko anjalo yena entliziyweni yakhe, unjalo yena. IMizekeliso 23:7

iingcinga zobuhlobo

Iingcinga zobuhlobo zizo zonke ezifika ukuze zenze umntu osondeleyo kakhulu okanye umhlobo azive emnandi xa etyhubela ixesha elinzima lobunzima, amagama akhutshwa lolu hlobo lweengcinga aya kubanika uhlobo lokuhlaziyeka. umphefumlo wakhe, odiniweyo.

Ubuhlobo budla ngokuba luhlobo lobudlelwane obuchaphazelekayo obunokusekwa phakathi kwabantu aba-2 okanye ngaphezulu, abo badityaniswa nemilinganiselo ephambili yoluntu, umzekelo:

  • Uthando

  • Ukunyaniseka

  • I-Solidarity

  • Ukungabi namiqathango

  • Ukuzibophelela

  • Ukunyaniseka

Kwaye zonke ezi zilinywa ngoncedo lwezivumelwano kunye nangomdla wokubuyiselana kulo lonke ixesha kunye nobubanzi bexesha lonke.

Igama elithi ubuhlobo lilo elivela kulwimi lwesiLatini elithi "amicitas" elisuka kwigama elithi amicitia, elithetha "ubuhlobo". Eli xesha linye, livela kwi-amicus, eliguqulelwe ngokuthi "uMhlobo". Kweli gama lokugqibela, kwelinye icala, livela kwisenzi esithi amare, esithetha "Uthando".

Iingcamango-11

Iingcinga zobuhlobo zinokuvela phakathi kwamadoda nabafazi, kunye naphakathi kwamasoka, abayeni, iintsapho ezisekwe ngalo naluphi na uhlobo lweqhina, ukongezelela kuboniswa phakathi kwabo bangabantu beeklasi ezahlukeneyo.

  • yeengcamango

  • Yeenkcubeko

  • yeenkolo

  • Ukutsalwa kweNtlalo, phakathi kwabanye.

Nkqu ingcinga yobuhlobo inokusekwa phakathi komntu kunye nesilwanyana, ngoko kunokuqatshelwa ukuba abaninzi okanye kunoko inja ibizwa ngokuba ngumhlobo osenyongweni womntu. Iingcinga zobuhlobo zinokuvela phakathi kobudlelwane bobuhlobo kwaye zinokwabelana ngeendlela ezininzi, ezinokuthi zibe kwiintanethi zentlalo, imiyalezo, iileta ezibhalwe ngesandla kunye nokunye.

Imifanekiso

Zininzi iindidi zamabinzana abhekiselele kwiingcinga zobuhlobo phakathi kwabantu, ke apha siza kukubonisa ezinye zazo ezinokwabelwana ngazo nabahlobo bakho, amaqabane kunye nosapho.

Iingcamango-25

"Kubuhlobo kushiya umsantsa omncinane weengxabano, yaye kwiingxabano kushiya umsantsa omkhulu woxolelwano.”

"Abahlobo ngabakhenkethi kunye nabasinceda siqhubele phambili kwindlela yobomi obonwabisa ngakumbi”

"Ubuhlobo bokwenyani bubaluleke kakhulu kwaye buxabiseke kangangokuba kufuneka ubunyamekele ngokungathi bobona butyebi bukhulu ehlabathini”

"Sonke silandela iindlela ezahlukeneyo zobomi, kodwa kungakhathaliseki ukuba siya phi na, kuba sihlala siphethe inxalenye encinci yomnye ngaphakathi kwethu "

"Ubuhlobo yeyona ntyatyambo ixabisekileyo ikhula kwigadi yethu."

"Akukho buhlobo bokwenene bunokutshatyalaliswa ngaphandle kokuba yinyaniso ngokwenene.

"Umhlaba usenza silinde ixesha ngalinye ukuze sivune iziqhamo zawo, kodwa iziqhamo zobuhlobo zivunwa ngalo lonke ixesha”

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Ezoqoqosho

Kwimeko yeengcamango zoqoqosho, le ngcamango yaziwa ngokuba yi "Imbali yeNgcinga yoQoqosho", equka isebe lezoqoqosho eliza kufunda ukuba yintoni imbali yazo zonke iinzame zengqondo, ukuze ukwazi ukuqonda kwaye kananjalo. ukwazi ukucacisa iindidi ngeendidi zeziganeko eziqhelekileyo zohlobo olufanayo.

Oku kuthetha ukuba iqulathe udidi lwe ingqeqesho leyo ithande ukujongana nokuba yintoni inkqubo yokulandelelana kophuhliso, ukuzalwa kunye notshintsho lweembono ezahlukeneyo kunye neentlobo ezahlukeneyo zoqoqosho kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zehlabathi, eza ukubonisa uhlobo lwegalelo lee-economic ebizwa ngokuba yi-dominant economics. wacinga, ukuba yintoni uqoqosho lwangoku.

Emva kweMfazwe Yehlabathi yesiBini

Emva kweMfazwe Yehlabathi II, kwabakho uhlobo oluthile lwemvumelwano phakathi kweentlobo ngeentlobo zeengcali zezoqoqosho ngenjongo ephambili yokwamkela imigaqo-nkqubo yezoqoqosho.

Obeze kujongana neziphakamiso ezahlukeneyo zeKeynesians, abaqala umgaqo-nkqubo osebenzayo wokungenelela kwezakhiwo ezifana nokuba yintoni na imeko ngaphakathi kwezoqoqosho, ukunyuka ngale ndlela kunye nenkqubela phambili, iindleko kunye nobunzima becandelo likarhulumente.

Uyilo lweKeynesian luye lwadityaniswa njengenye yeeparadigms eziphambili kuzo zonke iiyunivesithi ezahlukeneyo zaseNtshona, kwaye kwiindawo ezithile oosoqoqosho bade bazama ukwenza uhlobo lokudibanisa phakathi kwemodeli ye-neoclassical kunye nemodeli yaseKeynesian.

Indoda egama linguPaul Samuelson yayiye yakwazi ukwenza olu hlobo lwethiyori yokudibanisa phakathi kwemisinga eyahlukeneyo yokucinga, ukudala into eyaziwa ngokuba yi "Neo-Keynesianism".

Iingcamango-8

Abanye abachwephesha bezoqoqosho, ababizwa ngokuba yiPost Keynesians, baye bacinga ukuba iingcamango ezahlukeneyo ze-Keynes ziye zagqithisa kwaye zakhubazwa yiloo fusion efanayo, eyenziwa kunye nangabantu abadumileyo kunye nabathi, kwimo yayo yokuqala, kusekuninzi ekufuneka kwenziwe ukuze kuqondwe ukuba yintoni ukusebenza kakuhle koqoqosho lwehlabathi jikelele.

engenelelayo

Iingcinga eziphazamisayo zidla ngokuba zezo ntlobo zeengcinga ezingafunwayo okanye ezingafunekiyo, zemifanekiso okanye iimbono ezingemnandanga kwaye ezinokuthi zibe ziingxaki kwixesha elizayo, eziya kucaphukisa kwaye zixhalabe kakhulu, kwaye ezithande ukuba nzima kakhulu. ukuwalawula okanye ukuwaphelisa. Xa ezi ngcinga zinxulunyaniswa nokuba yintoni na:

  • I-Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

  • Udandatheko.

  • Ukuphazamiseka kweBody Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD).

  • Ngamanye amaxesha i-hyperactivity Disorder.

  • Ukunqongophala kweNgqwalasela (ADHD).

Ezi zinokubangela umphumo wokukhubazeka, ukuvelisa oko kukuxhalaba kunye nokuzingisa. Iingcinga eziphazamisayo zinokudityaniswa nokuba yintoni na imemori i-episodic, kunye namaxhala angafunekiyo okanye iinkumbulo ze-OCD, ukuphazamiseka kweemvakalelo uxinzelelo post-traumatic, ezinye iziphazamiso zokuxhalaba, kunye nengxaki yokutya okanye i-psychosis, kwaye zinokuhlelwa ngokweendidi ezi-3 ezi:

Iingcamango-14

  1. Iingcinga eziNdlongo Ezingafanelekanga

  2. Iingcamango Zesondo Eziphazamisayo

  1. Iingcinga Zonyeliso Ezingenelelayo

ukucinga ndlongo

Iingcinga eziphazamisayo zinokukhokelela kwimizobo enamandla kunye nobundlobongela, ngokubhekiselele ekufuneni ukwenzakalisa umntu okanye yena ngokwakhe.

Aba bantu ngabo banokudityaniswa nabo bathwaxwa yi-OCD yohlobo olugqithisileyo. Basenokuquka iingcamango ezithile zokwenzakalisa umntwana; ukutsiba ukusuka ekuphakameni kwebhulorho, ukuphakama kwesakhiwo, intaba; okanye usenokuxhokonxa abanye ukuba batsibe phambi kololiwe okanye imoto; okanye ukubacenga ukuba baziphose phambi kwabo.

Iingcamango-15

Indoda egama linguRachman kuhlolisiso lwayo yafumanisa ukuba phantse bonke abafundi baba neengcinga eziphazamisayo ngamaxesha athile, eziquka ezi zilandelayo:

  • Ukufikelela Ukudala ingozi kubantu abadala

  • Ukucinga okanye ukufuna into embi kumntu osondeleyo kakhulu

  • Babenempembelelo enamandla yokuhlasela, ukubetha, ukwenzakalisa okanye ukubulala umntu, enoba ngumntwana omncinane okanye isilwanyana.

  • Ukuba neempembelelo zokukhwaza okanye ukuxhaphaza umntu, kunye nokuhlasela kunye nokohlwaya umntu ngogonyamelo; uthethe into ekrwada, engafanelekanga, engathandekiyo okanye enobundlobongela obukhulu emntwini.

Iingcamango-16

Ngesondo

Ngokubanzi, ezi ntlobo zeengcinga zidla ngokubonakalisa uthotho lweemvakalelo kumntu ozifumana ngale ndlela, zidla ngokuphuhla ukusuka kwinani elithile lemifanekiso ukuya kumazwi adla ngokufikelela kuxinzelelo, ngenxa yesi sizathu zithathwa njengenxalenye entsonkothileyo ngaphakathi. ukusebenza komntu.

Njengezinye iintlobo zeengcinga okanye imifanekiso, iingcamango ezingafunekiyo eziphazamisayo, bonke abantu banohlobo lokucinga oku ngendlela engafanelekanga ngokwesondo ngezihlandlo ezithile, nangona kunjalo, abantu abane-OCD banokuza ukunika ukubaluleka okukhulu kwiingcamango zesini ezingafunekiyo, ukuvelisa kuzo iimbandezelo. namaxhala.

Intandabuzo ethanda ukukhapha iziphazamiso ezizinyanzelisayo yinto ekhokelela ekungaqinisekini malunga nokuba umntu angakwazi ukwenza izinto ngaphezulu kweengcinga eziphazamisayo, nto leyo ekhokelela ekubeni azigxeke okanye ade agatye ukubonakalisa olu hlobo lokuziphatha.

Enye yezona ngcinga zibalulekileyo nezixhaphakileyo ngokwesondo eziveliswa kwaba bantu, abaluhlobo olugqithisileyo, kukuba beza ukuthandabuza isini. Kwenzeka njani kwiimeko zenxalenye enkulu yabantu abahluphekayo ngenxa yesondo.

Iingcamango-18

Ngale ngqiqo, abantu babonakalisa ukuziphatha okungafanelekanga okubonisa kwiimeko ezininzi iinguqulelo ababandezeleka kuzo kwinqanaba leemvakalelo, eziyimbonakaliso ekhethekileyo nganye yeengcamango zabo ezinzulu nezingalunganga kunye neemvakalelo.

unyeliso

Iingcinga zonyeliso zikholisa ukuba luhlobo oluthe gqolo lwecandelo kwiziphazamiso ezinyanzeliswayo, eziye zabhalwa ukususela kumaxesha amandulo; ababalulekileyo kunye nabantu abadumileyo benkolo, abanjengoMartin Luther kunye noIgnatius waseLoyola baba ngabantu aba-2 ababesaziwa ukuba baneentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeengcinga kunye neminqweno ephazamisayo, eyayibathuthumbisa.

UMartin Luther wayesaziwa ngokuba nempembelelo enamandla yokuqalekisa uThixo noYesu, kwaye wayethe phithi koko kwakufanekiselwa yimifanekiso "UMtyholi Isemva".

Kwimeko ka-Ignacio de Loyola, lo mlingiswa wayenenani elikhulu lezinto ezithintekayo, phakathi kwazo uloyiko lokunyathela kwiingceba zomququ eza kubumba umnqamlezo, ngoko wayesoyika ukubonisa oko ukungamhloneli kwakhe uKristu.

Uphononongo lwabantu abangaphezu kwama-50 abaphethwe yi-obsessive-compulsive disorder, bafumanisa ukuba ngaphezu kwe-40% yabo babe neengcinga zenkolo nezenyeliso kunye namathandabuzo amaninzi, nangona kunjalo, kwakungekho ngandlela-thile yohlobo olubalulekileyo lwezibalo.

Uphononongo olwenziweyo lwacebisa ukuba imixholo yeengcinga eziphazamisayo inokwahluka ngokuxhomekeke kwinkcubeko yomntu, kwaye neengcinga zonyeliso zinokuqheleka kakhulu emadodeni kunakwabasetyhini.

Unyango

Unyango olusetyenziselwa iingcinga eziphazamisayo ludla ngokufana nonyango lwento ebizwa ngokuba yi "OCD". Unyango lokuphendula, ngenxa yokuvezwa kunye nokuthintela, kwaziwa ngokuba yindawo yokuhlala okanye i-desensitization, edla ngokuba luncedo kunyango lweengcinga ezibizwa ngokuba yi-intrusive.

Iimeko ezithanda ukuba buthathaka zinokunyangwa ngonyango lwengqondo-yokuziphatha, nto leyo enceda bonke abo banengxaki kuyo ukuba bachonge kwaye balawule iingcinga ezingafunwayo kwaye bakhululeke kuzo.

Ukunyangwa kwengqondo-yokuziphatha

I-Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, eyaziwa ngcono ngegama elithi "CBT", ithande ukuba lelona xesha liqhelekileyo, xa kuthelekiswa nonyango lokuvezwa, kwaye luyafumaneka kubo bonke abantu abangakwaziyo okanye abafuni ukufikelela kulo. .

Unyango lokuqonda lulo oluye lwabonakala luluncedo kakhulu ekunciphiseni iingcamango eziphazamisayo, nangona kunjalo, ukuphuhliswa kwengqiqo yezinto ezahlukeneyo kunye nokunyanzeliswa kwabantu abakhoyo, kubaluleke kakhulu.

Amayeza

Amayeza ahlukeneyo okuthomalalisa uxinzelelo okanye i-antipsychotics ngawona aqhele ukusetyenziswa kuzo zonke iimeko ezimandundu, ukuba iingcinga ezingenelelayo aziphenduli kunyango lokuqonda-ukuziphatha okanye kunyango lokuvezwa.

Ukuba isizathu sazo, oko kukuthi, iingcamango eziphazamisayo, yinkqubo ye-OCD, ukuphazamiseka kwengcinezelo emva kokuphazamiseka okanye ukudandatheka, kunye neziyobisi ezikhethiweyo ze-serotonin reuptake inhibition eyaziwa ngokuba yi "SSRI", eyiklasi ye-antidepressants, zezona zimiselweyo.

Iingcinga eziphazamisayo zingabonakala kubo bonke abo bantu baphethwe yi-Tourette syndrome "TS" abathi ngelo xesha bane "OCD"; zonke ezo zityholo kubantu abahluphekayo kwi-TS zidibene ne-OCD, ekucingelwa ukuba ziphendule ngokulinganayo kumachiza ahlukeneyo e-SSRI.

nzulu

Iingcinga ezinzulu zithande ukuba luhlobo lwendibaniselwano ebalaseleyo phakathi kokuzenzekela kunye nolwazi oluqokelelweyo. Oku kuba yimbonakaliso yamava abantu, abajongene nomnqweno kunye nolwazi, kwakhona phakathi kwento enesibindi kunye nobunyulu, kunye nangendlela efanayo phakathi kwezinto ezingenakwenzeka kunye nezinokwenzeka.

Ukuba iingqondo zabantu ngokwenene zinepropati yobunzulu, ayifuni ukuba yinto efanelekileyo, nangona kunjalo, umphefumlo unayo kwaye kwangaxeshanye, ubungqina bolu luvo lokuba ikhupha kwaye idlulisele xa ifika. kwinto ethile.

Ukwabelana ngeengcinga akudli ngokuba ngumsebenzi olula. Ezi phantse zihlala zinzulu kwaye zixatyiswa ngabadali, kwaye ukungaqondi kuko okuye kubangele ukwenzakala kweemvakalelo, njengoko sele kukhankanyiwe ngasentla.

Nangona kunjalo, ukwenza oko kufuna inkalipho encinane. Ukufumana ukwabelana ku Ithetha ukuthini ukuba umntu usengozini kwaye uza ukubonisa inxalenye yabantu "Ze". Kodwa nangona kunjalo, ayilulo lonke uhlobo lobuthathaka olunohlobo olunzima lwesiphumo. Ngaphezu kwako konke, umntu uza kuba nokhuseleko namandla okukwazi ukumelana nokuzimela.

engenangqiqo

Iingcinga ezingekho ngqiqweni zahlulwe kwiingcinga ezinengqiqo kwiimpawu ezi-2 kuphela ezizezi:

Okokuqala: Ii-Irrationals zinyanisekile okanye zikwabizwa ngokuba zingqongqo ngokwendalo yazo, kwaye zibonakaliswa ngokwemigaqo ye:

  • UDebo

  • Kufuneka

  • Ndinyanzelekile

  • Ndinyanzelekile njl

Sibini: Ezi zidla ngokuxhokonxa iimvakalelo ezingakhiyo, ezithi ziphazamise ukufumana nosukelo olumiselweyo, olunje:

  • Ixhala

  • Udandatheko

  • Uloyiko

  • Ityala

Iingcamango ezinengqiqo zivame ukuba sisiseko seendlela ezahlukeneyo zokuziphatha ezinempilo kunye nokusebenza, ngelixa iingcamango ezingenangqiqo zisekelwe kwisakhiwo sokuziphatha okungahambi kakuhle, njengokulibaziseka, utywala, ukuzihlukanisa, ukusetyenziswa kakubi kweziyobisi ngaphandle, ukulibaziseka kunye nabanye. Kukho inani elikhulu leentlobo ze "Iimpazamo zokucinga" ezixhaphake kakhulu phakathi kwabantu abalahlekayo, kubandakanya:

  • Ungayihoyi yonke into eyakhayo

  • Uyibaxa yonke into embi

  • Ukufumana ukwenza ngokubanzi

Iingcinga ezingekho ngqiqweni zidla ngokuba lulwazi oluvavanyayo kumgangatho wobuqu, ukongeza ekubeni msulwa kwaye uvakaliswe njengohlobo lwesinyanzeliso olunxulunyaniswa neemvakalelo ezingachanekanga zolonwabo, udano kunye neentlungu, ezizezo ziphazamisana nokufumana iinjongo kunye nempumelelo abantu abazibekele yona.

Eminye imizekelo esinokuyibalaselisa ngokuphathelele kokubini iingcamango ezingenangqiqo nezisengqiqweni. Phakathi kwabo sinokulandelayo.

  • Ndidinga uthando oluninzi kunye nokuvunywa kwabo bonke abantu abandingqongileyo.

  • Imbi kakhulu into yokuba zonke izinto endizenzayo azijiki ngendlela endifuna ukuba zenzeke ngayo.

Ingcamango enengqiqo

  • Ukuba ndifumana olo thando lungcono, nangona kunjalo, ukuba andinalo, kulungile, yintoni endinokuyenza, ixabiso lam lobuqu alinakuze lixhomekeke ekufezekiseni iinjongo ezithile kunye nokuzimisela.

  • Eyoyikekayo hayi, kuyo nayiphi na imeko ithande ukuba nomsindo omkhulu, nangona kunjalo, kuya kwenziwa ntoni kwezo meko. Ngalo lonke ixesha ebomini, izinto ziyenzeka ezithanda ukusebenza kakuhle kwaye ezinye zingenzeki. Eyona nto ibalulekileyo kukufumanisa ukuba kutheni ingakhange isebenze njengoko bekulindelwe, ukuze, ukuba ixhomekeke kum nje, ndikwazi ukuyiphucula kwixesha elizayo xa ndiyizama.

Ukucinga okugwenxa

Ukucinga okunzulu kungenye yeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zeengcinga ezikhoyo, malunga nophando, ukuhlalutya kunye nokuvavanya ulwazi, kuthathelwa ingqalelo iinkalo ezahlukeneyo zobomi bemihla ngemihla; ngale ndlela iziseko ezinengqiqo zengqondo zibonakaliswa, kwaye umntu ulawula ukuseka imbono yakhe ngokumalunga nombono othile.

Isengqiqweni

Ngokuqhelekileyo, olu hlobo lokucinga lusekelwe ekubonakalisweni kweengcamango, eziphakanyiswa ngendlela ehlelekile nechanekileyo, ngale ndlela umntu unokuqonda ukuba ulungile okanye akunjalo ngesihloko esithile.

Ngokubanzi, kumalunga nokuba abantu bakwazi ukuphuhlisa iingcamango ezijoliswe kwimithetho, leyo ihambelana nenkqubo enengqiqo, evumela ukuba iinkalo ezisisiseko zemeko nganye zixatyiswe.

Creativo

Iingcinga zokudala zithathwa njengezo ngcinga zisenzeka ngokuzenzekelayo kwaye ngokwemvelo engqondweni yomntu wonke. Olu hlobo lokucinga lubavumela ukuba baphuhlise amandla abo aphezulu ngokuguqula iingcamango zabo zibe yinyani, ngale ndlela umntu unokuvakalisa iimvakalelo zakhe ezinzulu kunye netalente yakhe.

Ukunikezela

Ukucinga okukhululayo kuthathwa njengoluhlobo lokucinga oluyinxalenye yobomi bomntu, malunga nendlela abantu abalawula ngayo ukwenza izigqibo zabo, bagxininise kwiikhrayitheriya zabo kunye nemibono yomntu ngamnye.

Ngale ndlela, izigqibo abantu abanokuthi bazenze azenziwanga ngokusekelwe kwingqiqo okanye kwingqiqo, zisekelwe kwezinye iinkalo ezifana nemilinganiselo yobuqu kunye nemigaqo umntu ngamnye anayo, efunyenwe kwasebuncinaneni.

Iluncedo

Ukucinga okusebenzayo kukusekwe ekuqiqeni, ngale ndlela kucingwa ukuba olu hlobo lokucinga luvumela umntu ukuba asebenzise ulwazi lwakhe ngalunye ngendlela elula nesebenzayo.

Inkqubo

Ukucinga okucwangcisiweyo kusekelwe kumthamo wendalo umntu ngamnye anawo ukuze aphuhle kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zobomi. Olu hlobo lweengcinga luthathwa njengenxalenye ebalulekileyo yomntu ngamnye, kuba lubavumela ukuba basombulule ngokufanelekileyo iingxaki zabantu, intlalontle, kunye nezinye iindawo ngempumelelo, ngaloo ndlela befumana izibonelelo ezilungileyo kwimeko nganye yemihla ngemihla.

Amabinzana neengcinga

Kukho izigidi zamabinzana neengcinga ezibhekisela kwizinto ezininzi zobomi, kwanokukhuthaza abantu abatyekele kwizinto, ukuvuyisa, ukubonakalisa uthando omnye umntu analo ngomnye nokunye okuninzi. Phakathi kwamabinzana amaninzi akhoyo kweli hlabathi siza kukhankanya ambalwa, ngala alandelayo:

La ngamanye amabinzana athethwa yindoda edumileyo egama linguPaulo Coelho kwaye ngala:

"Yonke imihla uThixo uyasivumela kwaye usinika umzuzwana wexesha ukuze kube nokwenzeka ukuguqula zonke ezo zinto zisenza singonwabi. Umzuzu womlingo uthande ukuba ngumzuzu apho u-ewe okanye u-hayi unokwenza umahluko kwaye atshintshe ubukho bethu bonke.

"Ungaze uncame iphupha. Kufuneka nje uzame ukuba nomfanekiso-ngqondweni wemiqondiso eza kukwalathisa kuye.”

Ngoku la ngamanye amabinzana akhankanywe ziindidi ezahlukeneyo zeetoliki phakathi kwazo zezi zilandelayo:

"Ayikuko ukuba undixokise, andisakwazi nokukholelwa, iyandoyikisa.

UFriedrich Nietzsche

"La imemori utyekele ekubeni ngumhlobo ongalunganga; xa uyifuna kakhulu, kulapho isilela khona kakhulu”.

Ethetha

"Inyaniso yonakaliswa ngendlela yokuba bubuxoki ngokungathi kukuthula.

ICicero

"Ihlabathi lonke liyahlukana xa libona umntu owaziyo ngokwenene apho aya khona. "

UAntoine de Saint-Exupéry

"Ukuba ukwazile ukwakha ezinye iinqaba emoyeni, umsebenzi wakho awuyi kulahleka; ngoku kuxa kufuneka ubeke iziseko phantsi kwazo”.

George Bernard Shaw

Isishwankathelo

Umntu wenziwa nguThixo ngamandla angenasiphelo, ngaloo ndlela umntu ngamnye wahlukile kwaye unokufikelela imingeni emitsha neyahlukahlukeneyo kubo bonke ubukho bakhe. Uninzi lwezo njongo eziphunyeziweyo ebomini zivela ngenxa yeengcamango, ngale ngqiqo sinokuchaza ukuba iingcamango ziluhlu lwemisebenzi yengqondo eyinxalenye yomntu kwaye evumela ukuba aveze. (Fumana yonke into enxulumene ne Ingqondo).

Iingcali ngokuhamba kwexesha ziye zenza izifundo ezahlukeneyo kunye nophando olunxulumene neengcinga, ngale ndlela sinokuthi kubaluleke kakhulu ukunikela ingqalelo kwingcinga nganye eyenzekayo engqondweni, kuba ezi zinokuchaphazela ngokufanelekileyo okanye zingalunganga umgangatho wobomi. yomntu ngamnye, eyedwa.

Ngenxa yesi sizathu, kucingelwa ukuba kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeengcinga, nganye kuzo idla ngokuzenzekela kwaye ivumela abantu ukuba babonise ubuni kunye nobuchule babo kwimeko nganye yobomi bemihla ngemihla.