Ingqikelelo yomtshato isekelwe kumanyano lwabantu ababini abavumelanayo ukuba bathandane kwaye bakhuselane, nangona kukho iintlobo ezininzi zomtshato, ezinye zaziwa ngakumbi kunabanye kwaye ezinye zincinci ziqhelekileyo, kwinqaku elilandelayo Uya kukwazi iintlobo zomtshato ezikhoyo kwiinkcubeko ezahlukeneyo, iinkolo kunye noluntu.

Zingaphi iindidi zemitshato ekhoyo?

Nangona kungabonakali ngathi, kukho iindidi ezininzi zeentlobo umtshato, ezinye zazo zahluke kancinane kwinto eqhelekileyo kuluntu oluninzi, ezinye ezisekelwe kwimithetho, oko kukuthi zibandakanya umlamleli kwinkalo yoluntu ukuze zikwazi ukuyiqinisekisa yaye ezinye zilandela igama lonqulo. , kuhle ukuba inkolo yamaKrestu, ubuKatolika, kubuMormonism, phakathi kwezinye iicawa.

Ukongezelela, kukwathathelwa ingqalelo iintlobo ezithile zomanyano, nto leyo eqhelekileyo kwezinye iindawo yaye ingafunwa ngabanye abantu, ukususela kwimitshato apho amaqabane angavumelaniyo nokunyanzelwa ukuba atshate nabantwana abaselula. .

iintlobo zomtshato

Imisitho yomtshato yindlela yokubhiyozela kunye nokumisela umanyano lwabantu abafuna ukutshata, kwezi zininzi iintlobo, eziguqukayo ngokwamasiko, iinkolo, iinkcubeko kunye noluntu olukhoyo kwihlabathi jikelele.

Le mitshato yile:

ZoLuntu

Yaziwa ngokuba Umtshato waseburhulumenteni kumanyano phakathi kwabantu ababini kwinkundla yezomthetho, nangona ilawulwa kwaye imiselwe ngendlela esemthethweni, ayiqwalaselwa ukuba isenzo esixeliweyo sesalo okanye sihambelana nokudalwa ngaphakathi kwemithetho yalo naliphi na ilizwe.

En umtshato Civil kukho ababini ababandakanyekayo abavumayo ukuzibophelela mutual apho kufuneka bahlangabezane parameters ezithile phambi komthetho kuba lo manyano kuthethwa ngayo uvunywe ngabasemagunyeni ethile yoluntu enegunya elifanelekileyo lokuqhuba esi senzo, aba bantu umzekelo, iijaji, amagunya obhaliso lwasekuhlaleni okanye umasipala apho abantu abaza kutshata nabo bahlala khona.

Nangona ingumtshato waseburhulumenteni, ngamanye amaxesha abantu ababandakanyekayo bathatha isigqibo sokuzalisekisa umsitho kunye nowecawa, kwaye kukho iinkqubo zomthetho ezibhiyozela zombini iintlobo zomtshato, zombini kunye nenkolo, ngaxeshanye.

Kodwa oku akusebenzi kuwo onke amazwe, enyanisweni kweminye imimandla umtshato woluntu luphawu lokwahlulwa ngokupheleleyo kwimitshato yonqulo edibanisa intshukumo enenjongo yokwahlula ngokupheleleyo ibandla kwizinto ezisesikweni. eneneni ngenkulungwane yeshumi elinesibhozo.

Kolu hlobo lomtshato kukwafunyanwa izibophelelo ezithile kwakunye namalungelo athile ahambelana nawo omabini amaqabane, ezi zikhokelwe ngokubanzi phakathi kwemida esekwe kuluntu esikulo isibini.

Kolu hlobo lomtshato ukuze kuphunyezwe umanyano ekuthethwa ngalo, kukhutshwa uxwebhu oluchaza ezinye zeemfuneko ezenzeka kubudlelwane ngokuphathelele kwii-asethi ezibandakanyiweyo emtshatweni kwakunye namalungelo abekwe ngokulandelelana kwawo.

Izidingo

Kuyaziwa ukuba ngaphakathi Umtshato waseburhulumenteni Kufuneka amanyathelo athile asisiseko ekufuneka azalisekiswe, abaluleke kakhulu ukuze umsitho ochaziweyo ube ngokusemthethweni kwaye ubhiyozelwe ngendlela efanelekileyo, ngokufanayo kukho iimfuneko ezithile ezinokutshintsha ngokuxhomekeke kwilizwe okanye ummandla ngamnye esihlala kuwo isibini.

Ezi mfuno ngokubanzi zezi:

  • Izazisi
  • isatifikethi esinye
  • isetifiketi sokuzala
  • Isiqinisekiso sonyango saphambi komtshato
  • Isatifikethi okanye irisithi yedilesi

Ukongeza kuzo zonke ezi sele zikhankanyiwe, kukho ezinye ekufuneka zivezwe kwiimeko ezikhethekileyo, ezinje:

  • Isiqinisekiso soqhawulo-mtshato (ukuba omnye wayetshatile ngaphambili)
  • Isatifikethi sokufa seqabane langaphambili (ukuba omnye wabo babini okanye bobabini bangumhlolokazi)
  • Isiqinisekiso sokuzalwa sabantwana ukuba unaso

Ezonqulo

Kwelinye icala kukho kwakhona umtshato wenkolo, oku kubhekisela kumanyano lwabantu ababini abazibophelelayo phambi koThixo ukuba bathandane, bahlonelane, banyamekelane baze bahlale bemanyene kubo bonke ubomi babo phantsi kwentsikelelo enikelwa ngumdali.

Umanyano oluxeliweyo luqinisekiswa ligunya ngaphakathi kwinqanaba lenkolo, elinokuba ngumfundisi okanye umfundisi, umzekelo, ngokuxhomekeke kwinkolo eso sibini siyilawulayo kubomi baso, kunye nenkcubeko abakhuliswe phantsi kwayo okanye abamkelweyo. Kukho iinkonzo ezininzi emhlabeni wonke ezinezithethe ezahlukeneyo kwimibandela eyahlukahlukeneyo, kuquka umtshato.

Olu hlobo lomtshato ludla ngokubhiyozelwa ngemisitho egcwele isimboli okanye izithethe kunye namasiko aguqukayo ngokwenkolo, ezimbini zeenkolo eziqhelekileyo zezi:

Cristiano

Ngomnyaka we-866 uPope Nicholas ndaxelela abantu baseBulgaria ukuba ngokoluvo lwakhe umsitho owawubhiyozelwa ngawo umtshato wawungenaxabiso kwaye eneneni eyona nto yayibalulekile kule nto kukuba abantu ababini ababenqwenela ukutshata babevumelana nesigqibo. baza banika imvume yabo, oko kukuthi le nyaniso yayanele ukuba umanyano lube semthethweni.

Emva kwako konke oku kwabakho ukuchacha okukhulu kwicala lecawe ngaphakathi kwintsimi yomtshato ngokuchasene nokhuphiswano lwezomthetho olwalukho phakathi kwe-IX kunye ne-XI yeenkulungwane, ngenxa yale mvume yanikezelwa ukuba kubekho ukuziswa komtshato kunye nomtshato osemthethweni ngaphakathi. ibandla okanye ukusilela ukuba kwiminyango efanayo njengoko yayisenziwa ngexesha lenkulungwane yeshumi elinanye neyeshumi elinesine ngexesha lezithethe ezithile zelo xesha.

Kwandula ke kwaqaliswa ukuqhutywa izihlwele emva kokuba umtshakazi emsikelele yaye ngaloo ndlela imitshato yayingasaqhubi endlwini yomfazi okanye noyise owayeqhuba umanyano.

Ngokuchasene noko, owayephethe lo msebenzi yayingumbingeleli owanikela indoda emfazini wayo nomfazi endodeni yakhe ngesithethe esibizwa ngokuba yiMeaux kunye nomthendeleko wokutywinwa komtshato ngamazwi athile omanyano avakaliswa kumaqabane atshatileyo. ukuba isetyenziswe kwinkulungwane yeshumi elinesihlanu neyeshumi elinesithandathu, yathi intetho ilandelayo “ngamandla endiwanikiweyo, namhlanje ndiyabamanya njengendoda nomfazi phantsi kwentando kaThixo”

UmKatolika

Xa sithetha ngeCawa yamaKatolika kunye noluvo lwayo ngomtshato, siyazi ukuba bawugqala njengomanyano lwendalo olusekelwe ekuzibopheleleni kwendoda nomfazi ukugcina ubomi obusenyongweni bothando nokunyaniseka, kuthathwa njengoyilo. okanye umgaqo ochazwe nguThixo obonisa ukuba indalo yendoda nomfazi yanikwa ukuba bamanyane, phantsi kolu luvo kufunwa ukulibala ingcamango yokuba umtshato ngumba wenkcubeko kuphela.

Ukungabi namiqathango, umanyano kunye nethuba lokudala ubomi obutsha kunye neempawu eziphambili kunye nezona zibalaseleyo zento le nkolo ithatha uthando.

Ngaphakathi kule Cawa yamaKatolika kukho izinto ezininzi ezahlukeneyo ezinxulumene nomtshato apho ivakalisa ukugatywa kwayo, ezinye zazo Uqhawulo-mtshato, ukwahlukana, ukukrexeza, ukuqhatha okanye ukungathembeki, isithembu, i umtshato wokulingana, oko kukuthi, phakathi kwabantu ababini besini esifanayo kunye nokuchaswa kwabantu ukuba bazale.

Izidingo

Njengoko kumtshato waseburhulumenteni kumtshato wenkolo, amaxwebhu athile okanye iiparamitha ziyafuneka ekufuneka zihlangatyezwe ukuze lo msitho wenziwe kwaye ube semthethweni phambi kwecawe yenkolo yakho, ezi mfuno ngokubanzi zezi:

  • Isiqinisekiso okanye isiqinisekiso sokubhaptizwa
  • Isiqinisekiso soqinisekiso
  • Isiqinisekiso seSifundo sangaphambi komtshato
  • uvumo kunye nomthendeleko
  • udliwano-ndlebe ngaphambi komtshato

Ngaphandle kwezi mfuno zikhankanyiweyo, kukwacelwa:

  • Yiba ngumdala osemthethweni
  • Imvume yabazali ukuba amaqabane akakho kwiminyaka esemthethweni
  • I-ID yomtshakazi nomyeni, abazali babo kunye ne-godparents yomtshato
  • Isetifiketi sokuzala
  • isatifikethi se-bachelor
  • Isatifiketi somtshato yoluntu
  • Isiqinisekiso soqhawulo-mtshato, ukuba kuyimfuneko, kodwa kuphela ukuba umtshato wangaphambili wawucanyagushelwe ngeendlela ezisemthethweni kuphela
  • Umthetho wokubhangisa i-Ecclesiastical (kwimeko yobuKatolika) ukuba ngaba enye ibibandakanyeka kumtshato wamaKatolika ngaphambili
  • Isiqinisekiso sokusweleka kweqabane langaphambili ukuba omnye wabo ungumhlolokazi okanye ungumhlolo

Inkcubeko

Ngokubhekiselele kubudlelwane bomtshato kunye neenkcubeko ezahlukeneyo zehlabathi, kukho iintlobo ngeentlobo zezinto ezikhethekileyo ezibonisa ummandla ngamnye, kukho iinkcubeko ezithile apho izithethe zokulandela zamandulo ngenxa yenkolelo ethile yokuba ukuba aziqhubeki. ngesithethe umtshato awuyi kufikelela impumelelo enqwenelekayo.

Ezinye zeenkcubeko ezahlukeneyo ezilandela izithethe kunye nezithethe zezi:

UmHindu

Lo mtshato waqalwa ngo-2000 BC, ngenxa yesi sizathu uthathwa njengowona msitho wakudala, ikakhulu omele umanyano phakathi kwesangqa zeentsapho ezimbini ezithi kunye zenze usapho olunye. usapho olongezelelwe nto leyo, ngenxa yolu nxibelelwano phakathi kwendoda nomfazi, iya kuhlala imanyene.

Lo ngumsitho obonakala ngokuba zizityebi ngebala, uzele ziintyatyambo, izipho kunye neentlobo ngeentlobo zezinto ezimele kunye nemibalabala.Lo msitho ulawulwa yizithethe ezinika isibini amathamsanqa.

Kunye nomsitho, abasetyhini beli nkcubeko bakwanalo inani elibalulekileyo lezinto, ubucwebe kunye neenkcukacha kunye neenwele zemveli kunye neelokhwe ezaziwa ngokuba yiSari eneenkcukacha ezininzi kumbala wegolide omele ithamsanqa, nganye nganye. .ezi zinto zibonisa ukubaluleka komtshato.

Ngaphambi komtshato, umtshakazi ugutyungelwe ngoyilo olwahlukeneyo olugubungela inxalenye enkulu yeziphelo zakhe, olu luyilo lwenziwa nge-henna ngabahlobo bakhe abasondeleyo okanye abafazi bentsapho, oku kuthathwa njengesithethe sokuzibophelela kuba ngale patheni kufunwa ukubonakalisa. Ukuzala kolusu lomfazi, ithamsanqa, uthando, lonwabo kunye nokhuseleko olulungiselelwe ngokuchasene nemimoya emdaka.

Zonke iinkcukacha kunye nesipho esibonwa kwimibhiyozo sibonisa ulonwabo kunye nolonwabo oluvela kumalungu entsapho kunye nezidalwa ezisondeleyo kweso sibini. Kuyaziwa ukuba isiseko esiphambili sale nkcubeko zizibhalo ezingcwele ezibizwa ngokuba yiVedas, esekelwe kwezi zithethe zintathu okanye izigaba zenziwa ngaphakathi komthendeleko oyintloko.

Oku kuya kuba kukuhanjiswa komfazi kwisibini nguyise owaziwa ngokuba nguKanyadaan, iPanigraham apho bobabini badibanisa izandla zabo okanye badityaniswe emlilweni ukuze bamele umanyano lwaba babini kwaye ekugqibeleni isiko lamanyathelo asixhenxe akhoyo. bajongane nomlilo ukuze bathethe izifungo zabo, oku kwaziwa ngokuba yiSaptapadi.

Ukongezelela, amanye amasiko enziwa njengokutshintshiselana ngeentyantyambo zeentyantyambo, ukubeka isacholo seentyatyambo esimibalabala ngumyeni kumfazi wakhe nokuhanjiswa kwezandla ezithathu zerayisi enikelwa ngumzalwana womtshakazi, ukuba unayo. kuye njengophawu kunye nophawu lovuyo. Okumangalisayo kukuba, kwinkcubeko yamaHindu, into yokuba imvula imvula ngosuku lomtshato ibonisa inhlanhla.

IGitana

Lisiko elibhiyozela imitshato ngendlela enkulu, umbhiyozo wayo ungowomoya kakhulu, unobukhazikhazi kwaye udla ngokuthatha iintsuku ezintathu, kule nkcubeko kukho into ebaluleke kakhulu nexabiswa kakhulu, ubuntombi nobunyulu.

Ngokubanzi, kuthathwa njengento efanelekileyo ukuba umtshakazi nomyeni bafike iintombi ezinyulu emtshatweni, kodwa indoda inesigqibo esikhululekileyo sokuba okanye hayi kwaye isakwazi ukutshata, ngokungafaniyo nomfazi omele ukuba abe yintombi enyulu ukuze akwazi ukutshata, kuba ukuba akakho ngokwesiko lamasiko akanakutshata.

Ngethuba lokuqala kweentsuku apho umtshato ubhiyozelwa, uvavanyo lwetshefu luhlala luqhutyelwa kwabasetyhini, kule nto iqinisekisiwe ukuba umfazi uyintombi okanye hayi kwaye uqhutyelwa ngokungena kwigumbi umfazi othile oya kuthi. nxiba iqhiya ecaleni komtshakazi le tshefu imhlophe, ine roses kunye neeribhoni ezihonjisiweyo.

Xa kusenziwa uvavanyo, kuthe kwaphuma itshefu inamabala amathathu e roses, loo nto ithetha ukuba ibhinqa liyintombi nto, kodwa ukuba aliphumanga naliphi na ibala, umfazi akakwazi ukutshata kuba loo nto ithetha ukuba akayontombi, ebudeni bale nkqubo abafazi abasondeleyo kumtshakazi baba ngamangqina .

Ngomhla wesibini umtshato ubhiyozelwa ngokunjalo kunye nesidlo, ebudeni balo msitho imidaniso yenziwa ngumtshakazi nomyeni kunye nezithethe ezimbalwa ezinjengokunikela ngemali ziindwendwe kumtshakazi nomyeni kunye nesithethe. apho abafazi banika amadoda imikrolo, ngokunjalo kumsitho ochaziweyo itshefu enebala iboniswa phambi kweendwendwe njengophawu lokuba semthethweni komanyano.

Ekugqibeleni, ngosuku lwesithathu, kwenziwa isidlo esitsha esibizwa ngokuba nguMthendeleko weSardini, ekumenywa kuso lonke uluntu.

YaseScotland

Kwinkcubeko yaseSkotlani, amasiko agqama kakhulu zezo zenzeka ngaphambi komtshato kuba bobabini, indoda nomfazi, banohlobo lwepati ye-bachelor apho umfazi kufuneka abeke isigqubuthelo esiphuculweyo kunye nesokuqala. ukuba abahlobo bakhe badibane, nokuba liphetshana, ilaphu letafile, ikhethini, njl.

Ngokukwanjalo, unikwa uhlobo lwebhokisi amele aphume ngayo aye esitratweni ukuze enze uhlobo lokuthengisa ngokuncamisa nangemali, kwangokunjalo nendoda kufuneka iphume iye kungqungqa esitratweni kodwa inxibe njengomfazi okhulelweyo.

Kwelinye icala, kuqhelekile ukuba zombini ibhedi kunye nekhaya apho abo basandul’ ukutshata baya kuhlala khona basikelelwe ngumbingeleli oya kuba ngumphathi womsitho womtshato, ngokunjalo nesinxibo sinophawu kuba onke amadoda emtshatweni kuquka. Umyeni kufuneka anxibe iiKilts okanye iziketi zesintu ezinamalaphu anemibala eyahlukeneyo okanye "tartan" ngokuxhomekeke kwisizwe esikuwo, ithoni yale nto ibalulekile ukuze umyeni abonakale ngokwahlukileyo kwabanye.

Ngendlela efanayo, umtshakazi uya kunxiba i-brooch eya kudityaniswa kwisinxibo sakhe kunye nenxalenye yale tartan, ngaloo ndlela ifanekisela ukwamkelwa kwentsapho yomyeni.

SeMpuma

Kwinkcubeko yasempumalanga kukho umbala weempawu phakathi kwemitshato, obomvu, lo mbala ubonisa uthando kunye nokuchuma kwabasempumalanga, ngokubanzi imikhosi kule nkcubeko izolile kwaye ayikuthandi ukubonwa. Kwezinye iimeko, abatshakazi banokusebenzisa iingubo ezintathu ezahlukeneyo eziya kuhambelana nombhiyozo okanye umthendeleko, isidlo sakusihlwa kunye nepati.

Ngokukwanjalo, iinwele zabo ziqhele ukuba neempawu njengoko zimele intshayelelo yokukhula okukhulu kunye nezithethe ezenziwa kumtshato wonke zenziwa ukutsala amathamsanqa.

Ngokukodwa eJapan kukho umtshato wesintu obizwa ngokuba yiShinto apho bobabini banxibe iikimonos, yena enxibe ezimhlophe njengophawu lobunyulu nobuntombi kwaye lowo umnyama uyile kimono ebizwa ngokuba yiMonttsuki. Lo msitho ubhiyozelwa kwitempile apho iindwendwe, umtshakazi nomyeni kwaye ekugqibeleni umbingeleli bangena ngokulandelelana.

Kwakhona kwenziwa isiko apho isibini sisela iikomityi ezilithoba ezimele le nombolo ngokuphindwe kathathu inani elingcwele, likholelwa ukuba ulonwabo luya kutsalwa kweso sibini.

kwi-United Arab Emirates

Kwinkcubeko yama-Arabhu zininzi iiparameters kunye nezithethe ekufuneka zilandelwe emtshatweni, kuqhelekile ukuba iintsapho zabafazi bama-Arab zibe zizo ezifumanela umyeni kwaye ixesha elaziwa ngokuba kukuthandana aliqhelekanga kuba xa zithe zavezwa zombini. kwaye ukuba kunjalo baya kuzinikela ngoko nangoko.

Kukho isivumelwano esenziwayo ukwenzela ukuba bobabini bacace gca ngemisebenzi yabo komnye, apho nokuba kuyintando yomfazi ukuba achaze ukuba indoda ibe nomfazi omnye, ithi isivumelwano sisayinwa ngumyeni kunye nabameli. umfazi, uyise okanye abantakwayo.

Kule nkcubeko umfazi kunye nendoda bathobela amasiko athile ngaphambi nangexesha lomtshato, umzekelo, ukuhlamba umphunga apho abafazi bahamba khona ukuze bahlambulule imizimba yabo kunye nomoya wabo, ukongezelela abafazi balandela isiko lokumakisha. ulusu ngehena yomtshato.

Imibhiyozo yomtshato yabo bobabini idla ngokubhiyozelwa ngokwahlukeneyo, amaxesha amaninzi unxiba ezimhlophe ezimele ubunyulu kwaye iinwele zakhe kunye ne-makeup zihlala zingaqhelekanga, zivela ngokubanzi phambi kweendwendwe zakhe kwi-catwalk, kwelinye icala kwisidlo somyeni, imithandazo. yaye ufundo lweKoran lwenziwa neendwendwe zakhe.

Ukutya kule minyhadala kubonisa ubutyebi obunabo usapho, ke ngoko bahlala benokutya okungaqhelekanga nokunuka kamnandi.

Kwenzekile

Kwinkcubeko yethu yasentshona kukho into engapheliyo yemiqondiso kunye namasiko enziwa kwimitshato edla ngokuba yinkonzo yecawa kunye neyoluntu.

Ezinye zezi mpawu zisibonakalisayo, umzekelo, isithethe sokuba abafazi kufuneka basebenzise into endala emele uxhulumaniso lwabo kunye nosapho kunye nexesha elidlulileyo, into entsha ebonisa ubomi obutsha ngethemba lokuba buya kuvuya, uvuyo. kwaye izele luthando, into ebolekiweyo emele iminqweno emihle abanika yona okanye into kwaye ekugqibeleni ibe yinto eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka emele ubunyulu nokuthembeka.

Ngokunjalo, kuqhelekile ukuqwalasela isipha sentyatyambo esithwalwa ngumtshakazi, esijonge ukumela ukuzala phakathi kwesibini, ngokuqhelekileyo abatshakazi bathwala ababini ngexesha lomsitho, lowo ungowaba ngumlingisi ophambili ngexesha lomtshato wecawa kunye nalowo uphoswa kamva. iindwendwe ezingatshatanga ngenkolelo yokuba oza kutshata uza kuba nguye oza kumbamba.

Iqhina lokomfuziselo elidibanisa umtshakazi nomyeni, elimelwe yintambo okanye ityathanga elineentyatyambo okanye iiperile, likwayisithethe esidala ngokwenkcubeko yaseNtshona, efanekisela umanyano lwabo kunye nenzala yabo.

I-arras, ngakolunye uhlangothi, imele ukuchuma kunye nokuzibophezela ukuba bobabini baye benza kwaye bahanjiswa kumtshakazi nomyeni kwizandla ze-godparents. Ngokukwanjalo, iingqekembe ezili-13 umtshakazi nomyeni abatshintshiselana ngazo ukusuka kwesinye isandla ukuya kwesinye yaye ngokuphambeneyo zinezibophelelo phambi koThixo zokuba baya kuzabalazela ukwandisa izinto zabo eziphathekayo kwakunye nesibakala sokwabelana ngazo omnye nomnye.

Okokugqibela, sinesithethe soomolokazana kunye nenkolelo yokuba umyeni akanakumbona umtshakazi ngaphambi komtshato njengoko oku kuya kubangela amashwa kwikamva lakhe.

iintlobo zomtshato

Xa sicinga ngomtshato, umfanekiso wabantu ababini abathandanayo udla ngokufika engqondweni, abathi, nangona bengabelananga ngamaqhina egazi, baqala ngokuthanda kwabo ukwabelana ngobomi babo.

Noko ke, asiyiyo yonke imitshato eyenziwe ngothando njengesona sizathu siphambili okanye isiseko sayo, okanye ngendlela yesiko ukuba sonke siyazi, ekubeni kukho izivumelwano ezininzi ezishiya ngokupheleleyo ezi parameters, ziqhutyelwa kwiindawo ezininzi zehlabathi, nangona kunjalo. isenokubonakala ingaqhelekanga.

Ezinye iintlobo zomtshato zezi:

  • Icwangciswe okanye iququzelelwe ngabantu abangaphandle kwesibini apho kungekho gunya lokuphawula ngaphakathi kuyo
  • Ukunyanzeliswa apho omnye okanye bobabini banyanzeliswa ukuba batshate ngokuchasene nentando yabo kunye nomntu okhethwe ngokuqhelekileyo ngabazali babo.
  • Ngesivumelwano esisekelwe kuxwebhu olubamanyanisa kumtshato woluntu kodwa ngendlela efanelekileyo, oko kukuthi ukufumana inzuzo yezoqoqosho, esemthethweni okanye yezentlalo, kodwa akukho kuhlalisana okanye ulwalamano phakathi kwabo babandakanyekayo.
  • Phakathi kwabazala abasoloko begxekwa kwezinye iindawo kwaye kweminye yamkelwa njengento eqhelekileyo, kwezi meko abantu ababini abanezalamane bayatshata.
  • Vula apho isibini sinokuba nayo ngokukhululekileyo ubudlelwane ngesondo nomntu wesithathu ukuba nje umyeni okanye inkosikazi yabo ivuma
  • Ubuntwana obubakho kweminye imimandla ngokunyanzela okanye ukuthengisa amantombazana angaphantsi ngeminyaka ukuba atshate nendoda endala

Iintlobo zomtshato namhlanje

Ukongeza kumtshato woluntu kunye umtshato wenkolo ezizezona ntlobo zixhaphakileyo zomtshato zombini kwixesha elidlulileyo nanamhlanje, kukho namhlanje ezinye iintlobo zomtshato eziye ngokuthe ngcembe ziqhutywa rhoqo.

Ezimbini kwezi kwaye ziphambili namhlanje zezi:

Uphawu

Umtshato ochaziweyo ufana ngokungenakuphikiswa kwimitshato yaseburhulumenteni njengoko ixesha elininzi ulawulwa yijaji, nangona kunjalo eyona nto ibalulekileyo kulo mtshato kukuba ngumsitho ongqongwe zizithethe ezichazwa ngumtshakazi nomyeni ngokwabo.

Izithethe zinokuthi zenziwe ngumntu kwaye zizele isimboli okanye ziphefumlelwe yinkcubeko ethile efana neHawaii, iCeltic, iMayan phakathi kwabanye, apho zombini izinto zendalo nezomoya zibalulekile. izinto ezifana nesanti, ilanga, ulwandle, umoya, umlilo namanzi zezona zinto zisetyenziswayo kwezi zithethe.

Egalitarian

Olu luhlobo lomtshato apho abantu abavela kuluntu LGBT, oko kukuthi, abantu besini esifanayo, bisexuals okanye transsexuals, banokutshata ngokusemthethweni, olu hlobo lomtshato lusemthethweni kuphela kwiindawo ezithile zehlabathi, nangona kunjalo olu luntu luyaqhubeka balwe ukuze kubekho amazwe amaninzi apho bakhululekile ukuba batshate njengaye nawuphi na umntu.

Olu hlobo lomtshato lugxekwa kabukhali luluntu oluthile kunye neenkolo, ngakumbi amaKatolika kunye nobuKristu, ngenxa yesi sizathu akukho mitshato yonqulo elinganayo, nangona kunjalo kumazwe afana neFransi, iDenmark neArgentina phakathi kwabanye abaninzi, 24 iyonke, banokuyifumana. batshate ngokusemthethweni ngokusemthethweni.

Iintlobo zokwahlukana komtshato

Kuyaziwa ukuba kumtshato woluntu kukho izinto ezintathu ezahlukeneyo malunga nokwahlulwa kwempahla yesi sibini kwaye zichaziwe ukuze kufikelelwe kwisivumelwano malunga nokuba impahla exeliweyo iya kwabiwa njani phakathi kwabo.

Kukho iintlobo ezi-3 zokwahlukana komtshato:

Ipropati yoluntu

Kule ndlela yokwahlula zombini iindawo zomtshato batyobela uxwebhu apho kuboniswa isivumelwano sokuba impahla nganye yabo bobabini nezinto eziya kubakho emtshatweni zezabo bobabini kunye.

Ukwahlulwa kwePropati

Eyaziwa nangokuthi i-matrimonial regime, ngolu hlobo lokwahlukana, inzuzo inokufumaneka ukuba zombini ulawulo kunye nokugcinwa kwempahla yomntu ngamnye kunokugcinwa, ngaloo ndlela ibe yeyomntu ngamnye ngokwahlukileyo kunye nokugcina isigqibo somntu ngamnye.

inkqubo edibeneyo

Kolu hlobo lokwahlukana emtshatweni, ngamnye kwabachaphazelekayo unesigqibo esikhululekileyo sokuvakalisa ngokweminqweno yakhe ukuba zeziphi na izinto afuna ukwabelana ngazo neqabane lakhe, oko kukuthi, zeziphi ii-asethi afuna ukuba zii-asethi eziqhelekileyo kwaye zeziphi akhetha ukuhlala nazo. njengempahla yomntu ngamnye.