Venous thromboembolism o (VTE) is the term that defines two diseases: the Deep venous thrombosis (TVP) and the pulmonary embolism (EP).

Deep vein thrombosis is a disease caused by the formation of clots within the deep veins, usually in the lower extremities. pulmonary embolism is a blockage in the arteries of the lung caused by the formation of clots (thrombi).

Next, we will present you relevant information about this disease. We will talk about their characterAnd the symptom most common and their possible Treatments.

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Index of contents

Characteristics of venous thromboembolism

Thromboembolism

Thromboembolism is characterized by formation of blood clots within the veins, which partially or totally block the passage of blood.

The clot, also known as thrombus, is formed when there is an imbalance in the coagulation mechanism.

Complications after surgery, genetic predisposition, obesitysmoking embarazo or long periods of immobility can lead to the development of blood clots and the formation of "thrombi".

El female sector is most commonly affected by the disease due to the increased frequency of genetic problems leading to thrombosis. Female hormones tend to cause blood clotting disorders in people who already have a family history of thrombosis.

When discovered early on, the chances of a cure and peaceful coexistence with the disease are great.

Treatment with anticoagulant medications, which works by "thinning" the blood and reducing the formation of clots, is the most common way used by doctors to control and prevent complications such as pulmonary embolism.

thrombus veins

At first, the diagnosis of thromboembolism may seem daunting, but with a proper treatment and constant medical control, it is possible to live well with the disease.

Practice drill light is of fundamental importance to prevent the disease from progressing. Walking for at least 30 minutes every day activates blood circulation and increases flow, prevents the formation of new thrombi and helps the body in general.

High compression stockings are faithful allies of those who already have the disease and the intensity of use must be determined and controlled by the doctor according to the clinical condition of the patient.

Symptoms of venous thromboembolism

Venous thromboembolism can present the following Symptoms and signs:

  • Edema.
  • Pains
  • Hot.
  • Redness.
  • Eczema
  • Darker skin color.
  • Hardening of subcutaneous tissue.

Common treatments

Treatment of venous thromboembolism consists of relieve acute symptoms of the disease, prevent increased clots and decrease morbidity of post-thrombotic syndrome. The use of intravenous or oral medications is indicated.

Bayer's laboratory, to analyze the risk of developing VTE, sponsored studies to analyze the use of contraceptives combined with drospirenone.

As with levonorgestrel contraceptives, lContraceptives combined with drospirenone have a low incidence of VTE with drospirenone-based contraceptives., which is a rare event and less than can be seen in pregnancy and the puerperium.

Thrombus treatment